# Time after time: calculating the autocorrelation function for uneven or grouped time series

Checking for autocorrelation must be done carefully when some observations are missing from a time series or the time series is measured for independent groups. I show an approach where I pad the dataset with NA via tidyr::complete() to fill in any missed sampling times and make sure groups are considered independent prior to calculating the autocorrelation function.

# Unstandardizing coefficients from a GLMM

Unstandardizing coefficients in order to interpret them on the original scale is often necessary when explanatory variables were standardized to help with model convergence when fitting generalized linear mixed models. Here I show one automated approach to unstandardize coefficients from a generalized linear mixed model fit with lme4.

# Using DHARMa for residual checks of unsupported models

Checking for model fit from generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) can be challenging. The DHARMa package helps with this by giving simulated residuals but doesn't work with all model types. I show how to use tools in DHARMa to extend it for use with unsupported models fit with glmmTMB() and zeroinfl().